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Thursday, May 25, 2017

Summary of effects of marijuana on driving performance.


Excerpt from 2009 research...

Although cognitive studies suggest that cannabis use may lead to unsafe driving, experimental studies have suggested that it can have the opposite effect. Epidemiological studies have themselves been inconsistent, and thus have not resolved the question.

One possibility is that people who smoke marijuana share qualities—being young, male, and risk-taking—that would increase their risk of road traffic accidents even in the absence of marijuana use. It has been suggested that there is a single factor that underlies adolescent “problem behaviors” such as illicit drug use, precocious sexual intercourse, and problem drinking.

Two epidemiological studies in New Zealand that attempted to address this hypothesis found that the significant relationship that existed between self-reported cannabis use and self-reported accidents disappeared after risky driver behaviors and unsafe driver attitudes were controlled for. A follow-up study found that the crash risk for driving under the influence of cannabis more than 20 times in one year was halved and reduced to marginal significance when distance driven and self-reported risky driving behaviors were controlled for.

A third Canadian study that compared crash rates in cannabis users found an even higher adjusted OR of 2.61 for crashing over the course of the year in those who drove while “stoned” versus marijuana smokers who did not, suggesting that the decision to drive while intoxicated may predict poor judgment and unsafe driving habits even in the absence of marijuana use.

In summary, laboratory tests and driving studies show that cannabis may acutely impair several driving-related skills in a dose-related fashion, but that the effects between individuals vary more than they do with alcohol because of tolerance, differences in smoking technique, and different absorptions of THC.

Driving and simulator studies show that detrimental effects vary in a dose-related fashion, and are more pronounced with highly automatic driving functions, but more complex tasks that require conscious control are less affected, which is the opposite pattern from that seen with alcohol.

Because of both this and an increased awareness that they are impaired, marijuana smokers tend to compensate effectively for their impairment by utilizing a variety of behavioral strategies such as driving more slowly, passing less, and leaving more space between themselves and cars in front of them.

Combining marijuana with alcohol eliminates the ability to use such strategies effectively, however, and results in impairment even at doses that would be insignificant were they of either drug alone.

Case-control studies are inconsistent, but suggest that while low concentrations of THC do not increase the rate of accidents, and may even decrease them, serum concentrations of THC higher than 5 ng/mL are associated with an increased risk of accidents.

Overall, though, case-control and culpability studies have been inconclusive, a determination reached by several other recent reviewers.
Similar disagreement has never existed in the literature on alcohol use and crash risk.


Source:

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The theme of hemp is not only in the name, the apartments, the garden and pool are also provided with decoration and information of hemp. Private parking.

Rates; from may to September: 75 € / 85 $ per apartment per day / night, 1-2 people.

Alora Village, near to the reservoirs of the stream and the famous "Caminito Del Rey"
40 km from malaga airport.

Tuesday, April 11, 2017

TOP 20 MUST SEE DOCUMENTARIES ON CANNABIS

Let’s look at truth about Hemp and Marijuana (Cannabis) through documentaries that are both entertaining and extremely educational.

  1. The Culture High (2014) [Rent or Buy]

Director: Brett Harvey
culture high documentary free
The Culture High is about the Cannabis prohibition existing nowadays. The documentary is based on the motives and arguments brought about by those who are for and against the Cannabis-related laws. It features a number of doctors, celebrities, experts, and reveals new data on the issue.

  1. Medical Cannabis And Its Impact On Human Health (2011) [Free]

Director: Lindsey Ward
 medicinal-cannabis-and-its-impact-on-human-health
Medical Cannabis and Its Impact on Human Health features physicians and top researchers representing their opinions about Cannabis and its effects on human health. The professionals in the field discuss the history of the plant, its scientific and medical aspects, common myths associated with Cannabis, and the efforts taken by the government in this regard. This documentary is based on the scientific issues related to Cannabis.

** Author’s Note: Lindsey Ward the director of this film and James Schmachtenberger (Executive Producer) and myself, James Sol Radina (Executive Producer) have all partnered on a new documentary coming early 2016: The Science of Weed. This will be the most credible documentary regarding Cannabis to date. We filmed the top 45 doctors and scientists on the planet that have been studying this plant the longest. The film will also feature real life examples and share patient stories.
science of weed film free rental
  1. Bud Buddies: Project Storm (2014) [Free]

Director: G.K. Wilkins
cannabis-cancer-project-storm free rental
Bud Buddies: Project Storm is about two children and four adults who suffer from cancer and need to take Cannabis, which cannot be obtained legally. The story features the risk of those who are ready to help them, even though they will spend 14 years in prison.

  1. WEED I (2013) and WEED II (2014) [Free]

Directed by CNN
weed cnn documentary rent free
WEED I and WEED II feature the statement made by the medical correspondent of the Health, Medical and Wellness unit at CNN. His name is Sanjay Gupta. According to the doctor, Marijuana is less harmful and should be rescheduled to Schedule 3. These documentaries show how Gupta discovered what Marijuana can do for people and how he became a proponent.

  1. True History Of Marijuana (2011) [Free]

Director: Massimo Mazzucco
The True History Of Marijuana Film Free
True History of Marijuana is an overview of the events that led to the prohibition of Hemp and Cannabis in the United States. This is a breathtaking documentary that aims to present the propaganda and the prohibition of the plant.

  1. Married To Marijuana (2014) [Free]

Director: Jason Berry
married to marijuana film free
Married to Marijuana features the passionate relationship between Hip Hop and Marijuana. This documentary is a real investigation featuring exclusive interviews with Method Man and Chef Raekwon of Wu Tang Clan, B-Real of Cypress Hill, Schoolboy Q, Too $hort, Curren$y, DJ Quick and Kurupt, and others.

  1. A NORML Life (2011) [Free]

Director: Rod Pitman
a norml life film for free
A NORML Life stands for “National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws.” This is a Washington-based non-profit organization. The documentary features exclusive interviews with patients who have felt the positive effects of Cannabis on their health. Also, it includes interviews with doctors, activists and caregivers. This is a great opportunity to get a full insight into all aspects associated with medicinal Cannabis in the US.

  1. Clearing The Smoke: The Science Of Cannabis (2011) [Free]

Director: Anna Rau
clearing_the_smoke the science of cannabis film
Clearing Tthe Smoke: The Science Of Cannabis sheds light on the issues related to the impact of medical Cannabis on the brain and how it acts in the body. It tries to explain how the plant treats epilepsy, nausea, glaucoma, pain and seizures and even helps patients fight cancer. This scientific documentary includes exclusive interviews with professionals in the field and patients.

  1. When We Grow, This Is What We Can Do (2011) [Free]

Director: Seth Finegold
when-we-grow-this-is-what-we-can-do-free film
When We Grow, This Is What We Can Do focuses on all issues concerning the topic of Cannabis. This documentary throws light on industrial Hemp, the origins of Cannabis prohibition, its medicinal use, and more. It features an interesting interview with one of the experts in the field, Professor David Nutt. He is a former drug adviser to the UK government and the head of the Independent Scientific Committee on Drugs.


  1. What If Cannabis Cured Cancer? (2010) [Free]

Director: Len Richmond
What If Cannabis Cured Cancer Film Free
What if Cannabis Cured Cancer? focuses on the important issue concerning the relation between cancer and cannabinoids. This documentary shows the viewpoints of world-famous scientists that study chemical compounds found in Cannabis. This is a perfect opportunity to learn about the breathtaking discoveries in the field.

  1. Cannabis: The Evil Weed? (2009)

Director: Annabel Gillings

Cannabis: The Evil Weed? is a BBC film. Doctor John Marsden, who studies addiction, is looking for answers to certain questions concerning the link between Cannabis use and schizophrenia, and Cannabis addiction. He is trying to find out whether it is just a herb or an undervalued medicine.

  1. Run From The Cure 1 (2008)

Director: Christian Laurette
Part 2 is on the way

Run from the Cure is about Rick Simpson from Canada who tried Cannabis after an injury in 1997, and felt the positive effect of the plant on his health. After his doctor refused to help him obtain Hemp oil, Rick found a way out. In 2003, Rick cured himself of cancer and decided to devote his life to the propaganda of the plant.

  1. Should I Smoke Dope? (2008)

Director: Ross Anderson and Nicky Taylor

Should I Smoke Dope? features the efforts of Nicky Taylor, a journalist, who investigates topics related to Cannabis. Her investigation also includes the legal issues associated with the use of Cannabis. For this purpose, she flies to Amsterdam to dig into the matter deeper.

  1. In Pot We Trust (2007)

Director: Star Price

In Pot We Trust features 5 cases of patients who take Cannabis as part of their treatment. Unlike other documentaries on Cannabis, this one includes the opinions of those who are against the use of the plant and who are against its legal use. Thus, this documentary shows both positive and negative viewpoints concerning the use of Cannabis.


  1. The Union – The Business Behind Getting High (2007)

Director: Brett Harvey

The Union – The Business Behind Getting High features filmmaker Adam Scorgie who investigates the most socially-acceptable illegal activity in Canada. The filmmaker presents an underground market and helps you get an idea of an industry that functions, meanwhile remaining illegal. The documentary includes interviews with politicians, criminologists, doctors, police officers, economists, growers, and other parties involved in the business.

  1. Super High Me (2007)

Director: Michael Blieden

Super High Me features a parody on “Super Size Me” from Morgan Spurlock, a stand-up comedian, and Doug Benson, an avid cannabis user. This is one of the funniest documentaries based on Doug’s experiment, during which he tries several tests to study the effects of the plant on his mind and body.

  1. The Emperor Of Hemp (1999)

Director: Jeff Jones

The Emperor of Hemp is a documentary about the life of Jack Herer (June 18, 1939 – April 15, 2010). He was a famous Cannabis activist. This documentary tells about his struggle and efforts to throw light on the issue of the plant. Jack believed Hemp can save the world.

  1. Grass – The History Of Marijuana (1999)

Director: Ron Mann

Grass – The History Of Marijuana features the historical aspects associated with Cannabis and its use. This documentary can be characterized as formal and informal. The thing is that it is based both on entertaining and serious points. The documentary shows the US War on Drugs.

  1. The Hemp Revolution (1995)

Director: Anthony Clarke

The Hemp Revolution is about the complete ban on the production of Hemp in 1938. This documentary is based on contemporary and historical facts related to Hemp cultivation and usage. It aims to reveal the probable reason that caused Hemp prohibition.

  1. Magic Weed: History Of Marijuana (1995)

Director: Martin Baker

Magic Weed: History of Marijuana is about the history of Hemp and Cannabis prohibition in America. This documentary features interviews with Michka Seeliger-Chatelain and Todd McCormick. Beyond that, it includes an exclusive behind-the-scenes look in the cellar of Ben Dronkers.
Sunday, March 26, 2017

Futurola e-scooter ready for another Summer season :)

#futurola e-scooter ready for another summer season... thanks to www.futurola.nl

A post shared by Peter Lunk (@mrlunk) on

Tuesday, January 3, 2017

Rest in Green Franco Loja, you will be missed by many !!! 1 Love.

Rest in Green Franco Loja...


Malaria he got in Congo Afrika was what brought dear Franco's life
to an unfortunate and way to early end,
while he was there working on a project to prevent Malaria.



Peter Lunk & Franco Loja
@ Canapa in Mostra, Napels - Italy - Okt. 2016

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