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Thursday, April 30, 2009

Vaporizer information.

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What are  Vaporizers?

A  marijuana vaporizer, is a device designed specifically for smoking marijuana without producing the harmful carcinogens caused from burning matter. It uses a heat source to heat marijuana without burning it, rather vaporizing it.


How Exactly Does It Work?
A vaporizer uses a heating element rather than burning. THC boils at 392 degrees F. Thus if it is heated under 392 F the THC boils and produces a vapor. This is not hot enough for it to burn, so it does not produce the carcinogens and other toxins.

General information Vaporizers:
The vaporizer works by heating your substances to the exact temperature the *active* chemicals such as THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) and the cannabinoid's like CBN will actually vaporizer into a "thin mist". 

This "mist" is the vaporised, active chemicals which are then captured in a small glass chamber ready to be inhaled via the tube whenever you want to.

Vaporizer Health Benefits
Despite the controversy surrounding the effects of Cannabis, some of the medical effects cannot be disputed. 

First of all the vapor is not as harsh on the throat (though the taste can take some getting used to). Also THC boils at 392 F but burning it is much hotter and the heat of the burning destroys some of the THC (making it less potent).

Not only that but a recent study found that water filtration systems are worse for the lungs than joints! This is because the increase the amount of tars in the smoke per unit of THC (thus one must inhale more tars to get the same amount of THC). This same study found that ONLY VAPORIZERS contain less tar per amount THC than joints!

In quantity, Cannabis smoking can cause the same health problems as tobacco smokers, such as bronchitis, emphysema, and bronchial asthma. It is to be noted, however, that while a habitual tobacco smoker may consume twenty to forty cigarettes (one to two packs) in a day, a habitual marijuana cigarette (joint) smoker consumes far fewer. It should also be noted, however, that marijuana users usually inhale much deeper breaths (hits) and hold them in for much longer in order to absorb as much of the THC in the smoke as possible. Many marijuana users wishing to minimize risks of lung damage instead choose to either eat their dosages or use water pipes or vaporizers, which are known to seriously reduce and perhaps (for vaporizers) eliminate lung damage. Although very limited research has been conducted on the effects of cannabis when consumed orally, it is commonly theorized that its harm is negligible, undoubtedly far less harmful than oral consumption of alcohol. 

Inhalation of any sort of smoke is unhealthy. Marijuana smoke (and nearly all other smoke) contains known toxins. Using a water pipe or bong reduces the particulate matter in smoke. Using a vaporizer almost completely eliminates the damage caused to your lungs. 

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What are the benefits of using a vaporizer? 
The benefits of smoking through a vaporizer are potent. There is virtually no smoke due to the low temperatures used and the lack of a flame. The herbs will not give off any harmful carcinogens or other products of combustion. In other words no lung cancer!

* Vaporization, a technique that was pioneered in the 60s, is a process that heats herb to the point where the active constituents are released but nothing is burned (approx. 230-360 F). 

* Since vaporization takes place at temperatures below pyrolysis (combustion) twice as many active constituents are delivered to the user than one would get from smoking, according to studies. (Cannabinoids are highly combustible, and many of the delicate resin-producing glandular trichomes are destroyed when smoked.)

* Since vaporization delivers twice as many actives as smoking, it represents significant financial savings! 

According to a water pipe and vaporizer study done by the Multidisciplinary Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) and the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana Laws (NORML), water tends to absorb THC more readily than it absorbs noxious tars.

Vaporizer Temperature 
Vaporisation, is a technique that was pioneered in the 60s, is a process that heats herb to the point where the active constituents are released but nothing is burned (approx. 230-360 F). 

Since vaporisation takes place at temperatures below pyrolysis (combustion) twice as many active constituents are delivered to the user than one would get from smoking, according to studies. (Cannabinoids are highly combustible, and many of the delicate resin-producing glandular trichomes are destroyed when smoked.) There is virtually no smoke due to the low temperatures used and the lack of a flame. 



Vaporizer Temperature for Salvia Divinorum 
Salvia Divinorum has a vaporization temperature of approx 300 degrees Celsius. The best vaporizers have a maximum temperature of 300 degrees Celsius. 

Vaporizer Temperature for Marijuana
Marijuana vaporises best between 140 degrees Celsius up to approx 220 degrees Celsius. A different temperature gives you a different effect. 

Vaporizer Temperature for Tobacco
Tobacco vaporises between 140 degrees Celsius up to approx 200 degrees Celsius.

MrLunk's Advised vaporizer shop for European orders:
Vaporizer information.

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Wednesday, April 29, 2009

Inside The Only Legal Pot Research Lab In America

DEBUNK: Higher THC Levels in weed more dangerous.


Let's project this reasoning on Alcohol shall we...

A beer contains approx. 4% to 8% of alcohol.
One can drink quite a few before getting hammered...

A glass of wine contains approx 9% to 14% of alcohol...
One needs to drink less Wine then beer to get the same effect...

A glass of Cognac or Whiskey contains approx. 30% to 45% of alcohol...
One needs to drink even less of this to get where a load of beers or a few glasses of wine would get them.

Shall we skip Stroth-rum of 95% Alcohol ? ...


The responsible/recreative alcohol user/drinker knows of each strength of Alcohol just how much to use to still be able to function and communicate in a civil matter. (e.g. only slight tipsy-ness but never drunk)

This also applies to responsible marijuana/cannabis users (cannabists), not making a difference between recreational or medical patients.

A responsible cannabist knows wich kind of marijuana is more potent then the other, and like drinkers will sip of a drink they get offered for the 1st time, cannabists test a new batch of herb for potency and taste.

In essence what I am trying to clear up is:

If the dose gets stronger we need to use less to get the same efect, be it psychoactively or in pain/symptom reducing powers.
this holds ground for Alcohol aswell as Marijuana/Cannabis.

Every day people die and get terminally ill from the effects of even Normal alcohol use.
I'm not even talking about the huge group of real drinkers/Alcohol abusers 
NOBODY ! EVER DIED FROM Marijuana/Cannabis !


Greetz,
Peter Lunk
http://mrlunk.tk
http://twitter.com/mrlunk

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Why the 'ignorant' mass wants weed illegal...





420 Marijuana Toplist
Tuesday, April 28, 2009

Marijuana Medicine: A World Tour of the Healing and Visionary Powers of Cannabis.


A history of how marijuana has been used as medicine for centuries by different cultures around the globe. Deals with various topics including botany, taxonomy, chemistry, pharmacology, alchemy, Nepal, China, Indian, Africa, and the Americas.

Recipes and remedies that contain marijuana are described as are the various diseases and conditions treated. The text is supplemented with black and white drawings and some full color images.

Marihuana, the Forbidden Medicine


Two eminent Harvard researchers describe the medical benefits of marihuana, explain why its use has been forbidden, and argue for its full legalization to make it available to patients who need it.

Examples of the ways that marihuana alleviates symptoms of cancer chemotherapy, multiple sclerosis, osteoarthritis, glaucoma, AIDS, and depression, as well as symptoms of such less common disorders as Crohn`s disease, diabetic gastroparesis, and post-traumatic stress disorder.

No more tobaccosmoke! My new vaporizer arrived.

Monday, April 27, 2009

Rick Simpson's: 'CRUSH CANCER WITH HEMP AND TRUTH' - Free Internet Seminar

Rick Simpson speaks to the people of the world in his CRUSH CANCER WITH HEMP AND TRUTH FREE INTERNET SEMINAR, all about curing cancer and other diseases with hemp oil. Please check our playlists to play the entire seminar from start to finish. Permission to download, copy, and repost is granted and also encouraged so that it may be seen by the largest global audience possible. Please share with everyone you know. For more information on Rick's courageous effort to eliminate cancer with man's oldest known and safest medication... 

All 14 parts can be viewed in this Youtube Channel player:

Pulp Fiction - Hash Bars, Royale with cheese and Le Big Mac

Sunday, April 26, 2009

Marijuana - It's Just a Plant by: Ricardo Cortes


At a time when DARE officers encourage children to snitch on parents or family members who use drugs and increasingly shrill professional drug fighters such as former deputy drug czar Andrea Barthwell advise parents to tell their children that their own drug use was a "mistake," "It's Just A PLANT!" is just the sort of antidote for the not-so-magic propaganda mill horror stories that pass for "drug education" in the United States. A beautifully illustrated children's story about marijuana, "It's Just a Plant" addresses some of the complexities of pot in a sober, thoughtful, and non-propagandistic manner -- and as important, in a manner that will make those issues understandable for curious children and approachable for nervous parents.

In 48 pages, Cortes takes readers on a guided tour of current marijuana issues from medicinal use to recreational use to the plant's illegal status. The language is simple enough for young children, yet clear enough to actually address these complex issues. The story begins with eight-year-old Jackie discovering her parents enjoying a joint in their bedroom one night. Faced with a child's inquisitiveness, Jackie's mom promises to explain about marijuana the following day.

And the next morning, off they go on their bicycles to meet first Farmer Bob, where mom buys the family vegetables. But Farmer Bob also grows marijuana, and Jackie gets to see and smell the skunky plant as Bob explains it has been grown by human for thousands of years and used for numerous purposes, including getting high. "What do you do with the flowers?" asks young Jackie. "People eat them and smoke them. Can you believe that?" Bob answers. "Some people say marijuana makes them feel happy. Others say it's 'dreamy.' Actually, the flower has different effects on different people who try it: artists, doctors, teachers, writers, scientists, even presidents," he explains. "Why do you use it, Farmer Bob?" Jackie asks. "I don't," he said. "It just puts me to sleep."

As young Jackie ponders what Farmer Bob has told her, it's off to the doctor's office to learn about marijuana as medicine. "Marijuana," kindly Dr. Eden explains, "is used for different reasons. Like many plants, it can be a medicine, and it is sometimes called a drug. It can heal the eyes of some people, help other people relax, and it calms the stomach and helps people eat when they need to."

But when Jackie asks if marijuana would help her, Dr. Eden is quick to explain that it is not for kids. "Marijuana is for adults who can use it responsibly," she says. "I do not recommend it for everyone. It can be a very strong medicine -- too strong for you now." Here Cortes may be open for criticism that he is conflating recreational and medical use, and for suggesting that some medicines are not appropriate for children -- would he say that morphine should not be given to a child in pain because it is "for adults who can use it responsibly"? -- but perhaps such conundrums are too much to resolve in a book aimed at children and their parents.

Next, Jackie and her mother encounter four black men smoking marijuana on the street, only to see the police arrive and order them against the wall. "Mister, why are you arresting people?" the perplexed child asks. "Young lady, these men were smoking what I call grass, and that is against the law," the policeman explains. "Marijuana is against the law?" the confused child asks uncertainly.

Officer Friendly explains, mentioning that marijuana was not always illegal, but "then one day, a small but powerful group decided to make a law against marijuana." Despite the protests of doctors, politicians and lawmakers made the plant illegal and "our government started War around the world to stop people from growing it."

Cortes deserves special credit here for introducing the "radical" notion that the law can indeed be an ass and that "the law is the law" is only the beginning, not the end, of the debate. He presents a mini-civics lesson as Jackie's mother explains that "the government can make a mistake," but that "we live in a country where we have the right to change the law if it doesn't work." The police office chimes in as well, saying that not all police officers believe marijuana should be illegal, and "If you think the law is mistake, maybe you should work to change it." (In case you're wondering about such reasonable police officers, Law Enforcement Against Prohibition is one of the groups who helped the book see the light of day.)

Here, one wishes to leap beyond civic-minded platitudes and introduce young Jackie to cultural currents that sneer at unjust laws. "Unjust laws exist," 19th century American Transcendentalist proto-hippie Henry David Thoreau once famously noted. "Shall we be content to obey them, or shall we endeavor to amend them and obey them until we succeed, or shall we transgress them at once?" But perhaps that is a lesson that can wait for the junior high years.

Radical nit-picking aside, "It's Just a Plant" is a refreshing alternative to the stale and frankly unbelievable propaganda that passes for drug education aimed at children these days. For parents confronted with curious children, the book provides a comforting beginning point for dealing with the issues surrounding drug use in our society and a healthy antidote to the fear-mongering of the drug warriors. Just make sure your kid gets to read it with you before she goes to DARE. Gee, maybe she could even share her copy with the DARE officer.


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Much appreciated compliment from the Emperor

A compliment from
Jack Herer,
writer of the book:

Click the image for a larger version...

Thanks Jack !
Much appreciated compliment
coming from you :)

Follow @JackHererTV on Twitter !

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Saturday, April 25, 2009

Legalizing industrial hemp- Reasons why



Promo Video featuring excerpts from "Hempsters- Plant the seed"
A documentary film about the struggle to legalize industrial hemp in the US
Featuring: Woody Harrelson, Ralph Nader, Julia Butterfly Hill, Gatewood Galbraith, Craig Lee. Willie Nelson, Merle Haggard, Donna Cockrell and others

Durable stronger lighter Hemp Cement.

Friday, April 24, 2009

Group presents mock marijuana tax check to U.S. Treasury

In the face of an economic downturn, shrinking tax revenue and government leaders scrambling to find funding for programs, JAX NORML believes there is an easy solution — legalize and tax marijuana.

JAX NORML, which stands for the National Organization for the Reform of Marijuana laws, in association with the University of North Florida NORML chapter, presented a mock check for $14 billion Sunday to the United States Treasury, in front of Jacksonville Beach City Hall.

Ford Banister, founder of the Jacksonville NORML chapter, said according to studies the check amount represents the combined savings and tax revenues that would be generated by regulating the sale and production of cannabis, like alcohol.

"There are 1.8 million drug arrests yearly," said Banister. "Marijuana arrests far surpass those of any other drug and 89 percent of those arrests are for simple possession."

Banister, who has a degree in criminal justice and a law degree from Florida Costal School of Law, said policies regarding the prohibition of marijuana have been a failure.

"Prohibition of marijuana has been both a misguided effort from the beginning and a dismal failure," said Banister. "Common sense demands that a policy that has persisted for more than eight decades without any measure of success must end."

More than 40 people signed up as members of Jax NORML at Sunday’s event, Banister said.

Banister said he sees policies and attitudes toward marijuana beginning to change.

"I see the end of marijuana prohibition within the next two to 4 years," said Banister. "The American people are in open rebellion against the marijuana policies. We’ve catalyzed enough as a group now. We will have a debate and we will win."

Thursday, April 23, 2009

BBC Horizon 2009 - Cannabis Documentary

Cannabis is the world's favourite drug, but also one of the least understood. Can cannabis cause schizophrenia? Is it addictive? Can it lead you on to harder drugs? Or is it simply a herb, an undervalued medicine?

Addiction specialist Dr John Marsden discovers that modern science is finally beginning to find answers to these questions. John traces the cannabis plants' birthplace in Kazakhstan; finds the origins of our sensitivity to cannabis in the simple sea squirt; and shows just what it does to our brains.

He meets people who have been changed by this drug in drastically different ways - from those whose lives have been shattered to those who lives have been revived.














420 Marijuana Toplist

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For all EU citizens it is LEGAL to Grow Cannabis!


To Grow or not to Grow:
Your First Legal Cannabis
 

You now can grow legally with no interference from the police. Are you ready for a revolution? Right now you can buy and grow your own legally certified cannabis seeds anywhere in the EU! Reduce your own carbon footprint, laugh at the irrational and unreasonable prohibition of cannabis and help the transition to a healthy, sustainable and liberated future! 

Reduce your carbon footprint! 
Now you can grow your own legal crop of cannabis, simply to enjoy the sight of these beautiful plants brightening your garden. Alternatively, you can harvest the seeds for food and break the stalks to retrieve the long fibres and wood. Growing cannabis can wipe out your carbon footprint as airlines and hotels try to do with planting trees. 

You can now enjoy your own legal crop of Cannabis with EU-certified Uso-31 hempseed from HempFlax. With the included certificate, this strain can be grown anywhere in the EU without any problems from the authorities. The police will be unable to misidentify these plants; with Uso-31 seeds you are growing a natural and legal cannabis crop. 

Includes a 100 m2 hemp adoption plan!
Furthermore, by buying these certified seeds you can make a real difference for the environment and for the future of cannabis as a sustainable resource. Each certificate sponsors the production of a 100m2 field of fibre cannabis by Dutch farmers, so growers who are unable to cultivate the full 100g of seeds on their own property are still reducing their carbon footprint and supporting the production of fibre cannabis. 

So help reduce global warming with a legal, eco-friendly garden of cannabis, support nature and the industrial cannabis farmers in Europe by ordering this special package of seeds and joining this action. 

For €50 you get a package of 100 grams of special Uso-31 seeds (approximately 5000 seeds) with an official certificate allowing you to grow your own crop.


Collection of Animated Gif's relating to Marijuana Cannabis Hemp


weed leaf turningsmoking jointanimated gifs
smoke weedweedweed leaf walking
rotating leaf
leafpeace
Wednesday, April 22, 2009

What's the summit of Hypocracy ?

Busting a drinker at a 420 fest !

Save the world with Bio-degradable Hemp Plastics...

In the middle of the atlantic ocean there is a new continent, yes a continent, not a country.
It doesnt have a name even though it's twice as large as USA !!!
Nothing with a heartbeat survives on it and it's slowly but surely poisoning our waters...

The main reason for this lifelessness is that the continent is made of Giant masses of little white shoppingbags, plastic bottles and bottlecaps, lighters, old nets, buckets fridge exteriors and milkcarton holders, ... ,... , ...
Really annything you can think of thats made of plastics can be found in this continent of death !


There's no denying that the petro chemicals being used to create plastic today are toxic to the environment and to the employees who work in these factories on a daily basis. Also, it is not biodegradable which means that it lasts forever.

All this floating debris is slowly grinding up to miniscule and microscopic NON-degradable particles wich then spread with the streams of the oceans allover the planets precious watersupply we all depend on and need to survive...

From tiny fish to huge whales filter the waters to obtain their daily feeding of plankton...
Do I need to elaborate on the effects this can have on ocean life and in the end human existance?

It's alarming to say the least. We must as a global effort support the development of biodegredable products for the sake of our planet.

Did you know that the United States alone discards more than 60 billion pounds of plastic every year that end up stuffing landfills or are swept away in bodies of water?

Would you believe that the number has risen from 4 billion to 60 billion pounds in less than 30 years?

Meanwhile the plastics and other garbage (while being ground down by the death continent's movement on the oceans flow) release all their weakmaking, colouring and other dangerous and deadly toxins. Increasing the amount of poison in the ocean measurably over the years at an ever increasing rate.


The basic building block of modern day plastics is cellulose that is taken from petroleum, but toxic petrochemical compositions are not the only way to derive plastics.

Plastics can be derived from plant cellulose, and since hemp is the greatest cellulose producer on Earth (hemp hurds can be 85% cellulose), it only makes sense to make non-toxic, biodegradable plastic from hemp and other organics, instead of letting our dumps fill up with refuse.

Hemp plastic is tough, durable, contains no harmful chemicals,
is bio-degradable and looks fantastic!

Hemp hurds may be processed into cellophane packing material, which was common until the 1930s, or they may be manufactured into a low-cost, compostable replacement for Styrofoam.

Hemp can also be made into compressed door panel and dashboards. Carmakers such as Ford, GM, Chrysler, Saturn, BMW, Honda, and Mercedes are currently using hemp composite door panels, trunks, head liners, etc.

Henry Ford used hemp-and-sisal cellulose plastic to build car doors and fenders in 1941. On video Henry Ford demonstrated that his hemp cars were more resistant to blows from a sledgehammer than steel-bodied cars.



These composites are less expensive than dangerous fiberglass counterparts. Hemp fiberglass replacements would only cost 50 to 70 cents a pound. These hemp composites could replace carbon and glass fibers, which have environmental and weight problems, and run from 60 cents to 5 dollars a pound.

The reason why virtually all European car makers are switching to hemp based door panels, columns, seat backs, boot linings, floor consoles, instrument panels, and other external componets is because the organic hemp based products are lighter, safer in accidents, recycleable, and more durable.

The possibilities are endless with hemp plastics and resins, and Biocomposites.
Virtually any shape and purpose can be fulfilled by biocomposite plastics.
Just think of the possibilities and realize that biodegradable non-toxic products are always the wisest choice for the future.

Buy smart. Buy Hemp!

By MrLunk.tk

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Tuesday, April 21, 2009

Why you don't want marijuana !

All the reasons pot is bad for you.
A scene from the upcoming movie Walk Hard:
The Dewey Cox Story.

DOE MAAR - Nederwiet (Famous Dutch smokers song)

Monday, April 20, 2009

420 fest @ Koffieshop Birdy Haarlem...

MrLunk Cleaning filling and smokng the VapoBong...



VIDEOS and Photos By Roy from SmokingHoliday
Sunday, April 19, 2009

420 TimeLapse / Timewarp ( Marijuana growing )

Steven Hager - Explains the origin of 420

HIGH TIMES Editor-in-Chief Steven Hager visits ABC News to explain the origin and significance of 420 in this 2002 interview.

Saturday, April 18, 2009

The story of 420 - By:Codemonkeys

Botanics Question: What Tree is this ? (solved read below image)

What Tree is this ? by you.
Click image for larger image...

After some discussion on the Dutch FOK.nl Forums and the final tip from @eltiem we have found this tree to be:

Toona of Cedrela sinensis
A fast growing Chinese Mahogany tree !

WOW, I Ate furniture ! lol



About Chinese Toon:
Chinese toon is a perennial hardwood, which is a member of Meliaceae family. The young leaves and shoots can be used as a vegetable called Hsiang Chun Ya (Xiang Chun Ya ) in China and thus Chinese toon is known as a "tree vegetable" . The fresh young leaves and shoots contain 84% water, 9.8% protein, Vitamin C, Vitamin A, Vitamin B1 and B2, and are rich in aromatic substances. They are uniquely aromatic and therefore excellent for stir fry ( especially with egg ), salad, fry, pickling, seasoning, etc. This plant is a native of China, and China is the only country where Chinese toon young leaves and shoots are used as vegetable. Chinese toon  is also used in Chinese traditional medicine. So Chinese toon is widely planted in China.

Basically, there are two kinds of Chinese toon. One is called Purple Chinese toon, of which the young leaves and buds are a purple or dark red color, the skin is gray brown, the branches stretch out. The young shoots are strongly aromatic, rich in lipid, less fibrous. Green Chinese toon is  another one. The plant stands up. The skin is green gray. The young shoots are  less aromatic and  contain less lipid.

Chinese toon is suitable for sandy but fertile soil. Tolerant to humidity to some extent. The favorable pH is pH 5.5-pH 8.0.  It is good for areas with annual average temperature between 8 C° and 10 C°. Its tolerance to cold increases with its age.

During last decade, protective cultivation of Chinese toon (e. g. plastic tunnel, greenhouse) was developed and widely used so that the fresh Chinese toon vegetable can be supplied in the winter, especially during Chinese New Year holidays. An increasing portion of Chinese toon products (pickled, canned, dehydrated, but not fresh ) are exported overseas.

Chinese toon seeds can also be used for sprouting. Chinese toon sprouts are a nutritional, healthy gourmet vegetable and are more and more popular in China.


Seed pre-treating and germination:
As the seeds are somewhat difficult to germinate, it is recommended the seeds be soaked in warm water (around 25C° ) 24 hours. Change the water 4 times during the soaking. Optimum germination temperature is 25C°.  Direct seeding is possible, however germination may not good. Seed depth: 0.5 cm. Keep the soil moist by spraying with water when necessary.


Seed storage:
Chinese toon seeds must be kept dry and at low temperature. We recommend to use the seeds as soon as possible when you get them since the seeds lose viability rapidly.


Wednesday, April 15, 2009

'Pass the Marijuana' - Mystic Roots

BBC Docu. : The Cannabis Years (full)

Introduction to Cannabis...

420 CountDown

Tuesday, April 14, 2009

Anti Marijuana Commercials compilation...

Part 1/3


Part 2/3


Part 3/3

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What's in a Cigarette ?


There are nearly 4000 chemicals in a cigarette,
most of wich were added by the makers!
Atleast 43 of the ingredients are known to cause cancer !

The list of 599 additives approved by the US Government for use in the manufacture of cigarettes is something every smoker should see. Submitted by the five major American cigarette companies to the Dept. of Health and Human Services in April of 1994, this list of ingredients had long been kept a secret.

Tobacco companies reporting this information were:
American Tobacco Company
Brown and Williamson
Liggett Group, Inc.
Philip Morris Inc.
R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company

While these ingredients are approved as additives for foods, they were not tested by burning them, and it is the burning of many of these substances which changes their properties, often for the worse. Over 4000 chemical compounds are created by burning a cigarette, many of which are toxic and/or carcinogenic. Carbon monoxide, nitrogen oxides,hydrogen cyanide and ammonia are all present in cigarette smoke. Forty-three known carcinogens are in mainstream smoke, sidestream smoke, or both.

It's chilling to think about not only how smokers poison themselves, but what others are exposed to by breathing in the secondhand smoke. The next time you're missing your old buddy, the cigarette, take a good long look at this list and see them for what they are: 
a delivery system for toxic chemicals and carcinogens.

599 approved additives added to the amount of natural chemicals in tobacco and paper and the substances the filters release plus the chemical residues of the insecticides used to grow tobacco and keep it from rotting while drying makes a total of nearly 4000 chemicals total in a cigarette !

Cigarettes offer people only a multitude of smoking-related diseases and ultimately death.

Monday, April 13, 2009

capital letters - 'smoking my ganja'

The Dutch Drugpolicy - 'Het Gedoogbeleid'

Millions of tourists visit Amsterdam each year. One of the main reasons is because of the attitude the Dutch have towards the possession and consumption of cannabis. The Netherlands, and specifically Amsterdam, is known for its liberal and progressive Drugpolicy.

The Drugpolicy of The Netherlands is difficult to explain to others who are not that familiar with the Dutch political and legal system.

We will try to explain the situation around the Dutch Drugpolicy with the following questions/answers:

Is cannabis legal in The Netherlands?
Is the cultivation of cannabis legal in The Netherlands?
How do coffeeshops get their supply?
What are the rules for coffeeshops?
Is there a chance The Netherlands will make cannabis completely legal in the near future?
What about harddrugs?
How about psychedelic mushrooms and those so-called ‘smartshops’?

Is cannabis legal in The Netherlands?

Let’s first get the biggest mistake made immediately straight:

Lots of people think cannabis is legal within The Netherlands. Well, it’s not…

In The Netherlands the substances which are commonly seen as ‘illegal drugs’ are divided by law into 2 groups: harddrugs (List I) and softdrugs (List II). Cannabis is seen as a softdrug. Within the Netherlands there is no active prosecution against the individual users of softdrugs, but the substances itself maintain illegal. The Dutch created for this their own official ‘Policy of Tolerance’ (in Dutch: ‘Gedoogbeleid’).

The government formulates it way more difficult, but in streetterms you can just explain it as an official ‘closing of the eyes’.

This Policy of Tolerance does have its limits:

- It is not allowed to possess more then 5 grams of cannabis.
- For cultivation you may not exceed the amount of 5 plants

When you exceed these limits the tolerance stops and there will be some legal charges against you, when busted of course. So if you just follow these limits above you won’t have to worry about legal troubles at all.

Is the cultivation of cannabis legal in The Netherlands?
No. The cultivation of cannabis is illegal in The Netherlands. The cultivation of cannabis may get you in big legal troubles when busted.

But of course the Dutch have also their tolerance here. It is tolerated to have a maximum of 5 plants at home. There is one extra rule on this: you may only grow these at home on a non-professional level. So this means no special lights, special boosting soil etc. Professional setups with plants in them are always illegal, no matter how many plants are in there.

How do coffeeshops get their supply?
The cultivation of cannabis is illegal in The Netherlands. So actually it falls out of the sky right below the counter of the shop. Very strange, but these miracles happen all the time.

Now seriously…

This is the main problem with this whole Policy of Tolerance thing.

Keep in mind that:

- The cultivation part is an illegal activity. (5 plants on a non-professional level doesn’t do much for a coffeeshop)
- The distribution part from growing room to coffeeshop is illegal (the maximum of 5 grams allowed…)

And there it comes: coffeeshops are allowed to have 500 grams in their shop and are then allowed to sell it.

How is that possible? Well, logically seen it’s not, but hey, we’re in The Netherlands here. The cultivators and distributors have to do their work in an absolute secrecy; when they get busted they can get serious legal problems. But at the moment the cannabis is behind the counter of the coffeeshop the illegal problem is solved somehow.

This situation gives shopkeepers huge headaches. The shopkeepers, no matter how much they try to follow the law, they always have to deal with ‘criminals’ to get their supply of cannabis. Besides these headaches, this whole situation actually just completely misses all logical sense.

Of course this is something also the Dutch politicians realize. Recently the discussion came up again in the Dutch parliament to accept the controlled cultivation of cannabis for coffeeshops. There was even a small majority for it in the Dutch parliament. But unfortunately the Dutch government decided against it. The pressure of other countries was probably irresistible. So for now, we’ll keep sticking the head in the sand.

What are the rules for coffeeshops?
Coffeeshops have to follow some very strict rules:

- No commercial expressions of any kind, except the word "Coffeeshop" or something similar on the outside of the building. 
- No harddrugs. It’s not allowed to sell or have harddrugs within the coffeeshop.
- No nuisance at any time. The following is considered as nuisance: noise, cars coming and going, customers hanging around with no goal etc.
- No entrance and no selling to persons under 18.
- It is not allowed to sell more then 5 grams a day to 1 person.
- The stock of cannabis within the coffeeshop may not exceed the amount of 500 grams.

Coffeeshops have to follow these rules very strictly. If a coffeeshop does not follow one of the rules, it can be shut down very easily with not many possibilities for the owner to complain.

Coffeeshops are having a hard time at the moment with the current government. The rules are described in such a way that there’s lot of space within the law to shut a coffeeshop down and the government is often using that space. All coffeeshops get irregular checks once and a while to see if they follow the rules correctly.

Most coffeeshops try to follow the rules as good as it possibly can. Sometimes this means that they have to reject customers for several reasons. If a shopowner wants to keep his store they have to act a bit paranoia sometimes. Please don’t be offended if you have to show your ID over and over for example.

Is there a chance The Netherlands will make cannabis completely legal in the near future?
Not very likely.

Cannabis is illegal within The Netherlands at the moment and the rules for coffeeshops became stricter the last few years. This is mainly, what we believe, because of the pressure of other countries. If cannabis would be made completely legal, it would make The Netherlands a complete outcast. The Netherlands is a very small country, depending on a lot of other countries. The issue of cannabis is just not important enough to put the relationship on the line with for example… well, let’s say…France, Germany and the US.

But cannabis is a substance which is ‘a sort of accepted’ within the Dutch society and gets more accepted every day. The Dutch society might even be ready yet for a complete legal status of cannabis. Whatever newspaper or magazine you read, whatever TV program you watch, you can just smell the growing acceptance of cannabis.

So in our opinion the chance of getting a full legal status of cannabis is out of the Dutch league at the moment. But somehow, we hope and think the Dutch will or may be the first to stop with outlawing cannabis in the long term.

What about harddrugs?
Cocaine, Heroine, XTC etc. You can complete the list yourself probably. These kinds of drugs are in The Netherlands on List I, so they’re highly illegal within The Netherlands. Just as in any other country…

There’s an active prosecution going on to dealers and people who possess harddrugs. Although small amounts of harddrugs will not get you in big troubles, it might ruin your Amsterdam experience, especially when you’re here for only a few days.

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